's Bibliography
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A morning-glory at my window satisfies me more than the metaphysics of books. Walt Whitman, Songs of Myself, #24

This bibliography originates from the author's collection of books. It is a very personal selection. The books have been gathered for over 50 years and this selection tries to speak to the variety of topics involved in the study of birds. In addition to books specifically about birds there are many about environmental science, including at least two about global warming. There are books about ornithology including two lab manuals, one on biostatistics for the ornithologist, and one on the technique of conducting a census. Included are at least 10 books that were printed in the nineteenth century. The 24 volumes of A.C. Bent includes a wide array of observations from many of the early prominent ornithologists of American history, and many other people who were "just" observers who cared a great deal and wanted to contribute what they had experienced while in the field enjoying birds. The books by John Burroughs are some of the most unique and far reaching (in the questions he asks) nature writing around. There are books on evolution because that is the underlying principle to our understanding of zoology. There are books on education that I feel contribute to the teaching of birds because it is vitally important that we include the study of nature in our schools. And I have included books on science photography (Alfred Blaker) since photography is such a big part of this web site. And no, I have not read all the books, but I am working on it.

J, K, L
Q, R, S
U, V, W
X, Y, Z


Ackerman, D. (1990). A Natural History of the Senses. Vintage Books.

Alden, P. (1999). National Audubon Society Field Guide to the Mid-Atlantic States. Knopf.

Alden, P. and Paulson, D. (1998). National Audubon Society Field Guide to the Pacific Northwest. Knopf.

American Birding Association. (1994). Birdfinding in Forty National Forests and Grasslands.

American Ornithologists' Union. (1983). Check-List of North American Birds.

Able, K. P. (1999). Gathering of Angels - Migrating Birds and their Ecology. Cornell University Press.

Alcot, J. (1993). The Masked Bobwhite Rides Again. The University of Arizona Press.

Alden, P. (1969). Finding the Birds in Western Mexico. University of Arizona Press.

Allen, G.M. (1962). Birds and their Attributes. Dover Reprint.

Angell, T. (1978). Ravens, Crows, Magpies and Jays. University of Washington Press.

Alderfer, J. (Ed.) (2006). Complete Birds of North America. National Geographic Society.

Ainley, D.G. and Bockelheide R.J. (1990). Seabirds of the Farallon Islands. Stanford University.

Ainley, M. G., (1993). Restless Energy - A biography of William Rowan 1891 - 1957.

Armstrong, E.A. (1965). Bird Display and Behavior. Dover Reprint.

Audubon Society. (1982). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of Animal Life.

Austin, O. (1983). A Guide to Bird Classification Families of Birds. Golden.

Bailey, F.M. (1902). Handbook of Birds of the Western United States. Houghton Mifflin Company

Bailey, H. H. (1913). The Birds of Virginia. J. P. Bell Company, Inc. With Fourteen Full Page Colored Plates, One Map, and One Hundred and Eight Half-tones. Treating one hundred and eighty-five species and subspecies: All the birds that breed within the state.

Baker, J. (1967). The Peregrine. University of Idaho Press. A man takes a year off so he can follow and observe a Peregrine that hangs around his neighborhood. A fascinating book.

Bakker, E. (1971). An Island Called California. University of California Press.

Barber, T.X. (1994). The Human Nature of Birds. Penquin Press.

Barnard, C.J. & Thompson, D.B.A. (1985). Gulls and Plovers - The Ecology and behaviour of Mixed-Species Feeding Groups. Columbia University Press.

Barnes, S. (2004) How to be a Bad Birdwatcher. Pantheon Books.

Barnett, S.A. (1967) Instinct and Intelligence.Prentice-Hall.

Baron, N. & Acorn, J. (1997). Birds of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Lone Pine.

Barton, R. (1955). How to Watch Birds. Bonanza.

Beal, F.E.L. (1907). Birds of California in Relation to the Fruit Industry. Washington Government Printing Office.

Beebe, W. (1918). Jungle Peace. Henry Holt and Company.

Behle, W.H. (1981). The Birds of Northeastern Utah. Utah Museum of Natural History.

Beissinger, S.R. and Snyder, N.F.R. (1992). New World Parrots in Crisis. Smithsonian.

Bekoff, Marc, Allen, Colin & Burghardt, Gordon. (2002) The Cognitive Animal - Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. Cambridge: The MIT Press

Beletsky, L.D. and Orians, G.H. (1996). Red-winged Blackbirds - Decision-making and reproductive success. University of Chicago Press.

Bell, A., & Bell, S. (1969) Common Australian Birds. Oxford.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Wild Fowl Part One. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Wild Fowl Part Two. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Shore Birds, Part One. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Shore Birds, Part Two. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Blackbirds, Orioles Tanagers and Allies. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Cuckoos, Goatsuckers, Hummingbirds, and their Allies . Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Diving Birds. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Petrels and Pelicans and Their Allies. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Wood Warblers Part One. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Wood Warblers Part Two. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Towhees, Finches, Sparrows and Allies Part One. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Towhees, Finches, Sparrows and Allies Part Two Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Towhees, Finches, Sparrows and Allies Part Three. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Marsh Birds . Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Jays, Crows and Titmice . Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Nuthatches, Wrens, Thrashers, and their Allies. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Woodpeckers. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Birds of Prey Part One. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Birds of Prey Part Two. . Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Flycatchers, Larks, Swallows, and Their Allies. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Wagtails, Shrikes, Vireos, and Their Allies. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Thrushes, Kinglets, and Their Allies. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Gulls and Terns. Dover Reprint.

Bent, A. C. (1963). Life Histories of North American Birds: Gallinaceous Birds. Dover Reprint.

Berger, A.J. (1981) Hawaiian Birdlife. University of Hawaii Press.

Bergerud, A.T. and Gratson, M.W. (eds) (1988). Adaptive Strategies and Population Ecology of Northern Grouse. University of Minnesota Press.

Bernstein, C. (1984) The Joy of Birding. Capra Press

Bibby, C.J. Burgess, N.D., and Hill, D.A. (1993). Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press.

Bierly, M.L. (1980). Bird Finding in Tennessee.

Bird, D.M. (1983). Biology and Management of Bald Eagles and Ospreys. Raptor Research Foundation.

Birkhead, T.R. (1991). The Magpies- The ecology and behaviour of Black-billed and Yellow-billed Magpies. T & AD Poyser.

Birkhead, T. (2003). A Brand-New Bird - How two amateur scientists created the first genetically engineered animal.

Black, G. (1992). Iowa Birdlife. University of Iowa Press.

Blake, E.R. (1953). Birds of Mexico - A Guide for Field Identification. University of Chicago.

Blaker, A.A. (1976). Field Photography. W.H. Freeman and Co.

Blaker, A.A. (1977). Scientific Photography. W.H. Freeman and Co.

Blaker, A.A. (1980). Photography Art and Technique. W.H. Freeman and Co.

Blanchan, N. (1893). Bird Neighbors (With an introduction by John Burroughs.) Doubleday.

Blanchan, N. (1920). The Nature Library - Gamebirds. Doubleday.

Boeuf, B.J. and Kaza, S. (1981). The Natural History of Ano Nuevo. The Boxwood Press.

Bond, J. (1974). Birds of the West Indies. Collins.

Bonta, Marcia Myers. (1991).Women in the Field - America's Pioneering Women Naturalists. College Station: Texas A & M University Press.

Britton, D. & Hayashida, T. (1993). The Japanese Crane. Kodansha International.

Brooke, M. & Birkhead, T. (1991). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Ornithology. Cambridge University Press.

Brown, J. L. (1987). Helping and Communal Breeding in Birds - Ecology and Evolution. Princeton University Press.

Brown, L. (1976). British Birds of Prey. Collins.

Brush, A.H. and Clark, G.A. (1983). Perspectives in Ornithology. Cambridge University Press.

Buff, Sheila (1993). Birding for Beginners. Lyons and Burford.

Bunn, D.S., Warburton, A.B., and Wilson R.D.S. (1982). The Barn Owl. T & AD Poyser

Burger, J. (1988) Seabirds and Other Marine Vertebrates. Columbia University Press.

Burger, J., Cochfeld, M. (1990). The Black Skimmer Social Dynamics of a Colonial Species. Columbia University Press.

Burkhardt, Jr. R.W. (2005). Patterns of Behavior - Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and theFounding of Ethology.

Burton, J.A. (Ed)(1973). Owls of the World. Dutton.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Wake Robin. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Winter Sunshine. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Birds and Poets. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Locusts and Wild Honey. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Pepacton. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Fresh Fields. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Signs and Seasons. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Indoor Studies. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Riverby. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Whitman. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J.(1904). The Light of Day. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Literary Values. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1904). Far and Near. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1905). Ways of Nature. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. . (1908). Leaf and Tendrill. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1912). Time and Change. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1913). The Summit of the Years. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1915). Breath of Life. New York: Houghton Mifflin. p. 174 - "To regard life as of non-natural origin puts it beyond the sphere of legitimate inquiry; to look upon it as of natural origin, or as bound in a chain of chemical sequences, as so many late biochemists do, is still to put it where our science cannot unlock the mystery."

Burroughs, J. (1916). Under the Apple Trees. New York: Houghton Mifflin. p. 236 - "There could be no life as we know it till the earth was ripe for it, till the waters were gathered together with the air swimming above them, and the crust of the earth cooled and became comparatively stable. And all these things were the result of the operation of irrefragable physical laws - not of the order or relation of parts that result from intelligent design, but of the equipoise and adjustment that come from the conflict of blind, irrational material forces."

Burroughs, J. (1919). Field and Study. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Burroughs, J. (1987). John James Audubon. The Overlook Press.

Burroughs, J. (1997). John Burroughs' America. Dover Press.

Burt, W. (2001). Rare and Elusive Birds. Universe Publishing.

Butler, T. (2002). Wild Earth - Wild Ideas for a world out of balance. Milkweed.

Byrkjedal, I. and Thompson, D. (1998). Tundra Plovers. T & AD Poyser


Calder, W.A., (1993). Rufous Hummingbird. The Birds of North America - Life Histories for the 21st Century.

Callicott, J.B. (Ed) (1987) A Companion to A Sand County Almanac. University of Wisconsin Press. "Leopold was not one of those throbbing Nature lovers who, as he said, "write bad verse on birchbark". He was a scientist, one of the first to profess the new science of ecology. As a forester and game manager he had seen for himself, in many places, the slow death of the land, and he knew that our unchecked effort to make everything safe and comfortable for our own species at the expense of all others could eventually destroy us along with the earth we depend on." Wallace Stegner, The Legacy of Aldo Leopold, in Companion to A Sand County Almanac.

Camp, S. (Ed) (1978). Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. Vol. 1 - Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford Press.

Camp, S. (Ed) (1980). Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. Vol. 2 - Hawks to Bustards. Oxford Press.

Camp, S. (Ed) (1983). Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. Vol. 3 - Waders to Gulls. Oxford Press.

Campbell B. & Lack, E. (eds). 1985. A Dictionary of Birds. Calton (Poyser) and Vermillion (Buteo)

Cannings, R., Aversa, T., Opperman, H. Birds of Southwestern British Columbia. R.W. Morse Company

Chapman, F.M. (1933). Autobiography of a Bird Lover. Appleton Century.

Chapman, F.M. (1899). Birds of Eastern North America. Appleton.

Chapman, F.M. (1914). The Warblers of North America. D. Appleton and Co.

Chapman, F.M. (1916). The Travels of Birds. Appleton.

Chapman, F.M. (1924) Bird Life. Appleton.

Cherry, L. (1997). Flute's Journey - The Life of a Wood Thrush. Gulliver Green.

Clark, R. J. , Smith, D.G. and Kelso, L.H. (1978) Working Bibliography of Owls of the World. NWF Scientific.

Chipley, R.M., Fenwick, G.H., Parr, M.J. and Pashley, D.N. (2003). The American Bird Conservancy Guide to the 500 Most Important Bird Areas in the United States. Random House.

Clark, W.S. and Wheeler, B.K. (1987). Peterson Field Guides - Hawks. Houghton Mifflin.

Cloud, P. (1970). Adventures in Earth History. W. H. Freeman and Co.

Coates, P. (1998). Nature - Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times. University of California Press.

Cody, Martin L. (ed). (1985). Habitat Selection in Birds. Academic Press.

Cogswell, H.L. (1977). Water Birds of California. University of California Press.

Cokinos,C. (2000) Hope is the Thing with Feathers. Tarcher/Putnum.

Collar, N.J., Crosby, M.J., Stattersfield A.J. (1994). Birds to Watch 2 - The World List of Threatened Birds. Bird Life International.

Collar, N.J., and Andrew P. (1988). Birds to Watch. ICBP Technical Publication No. 8. Smithsonian.

Comstock, A. (1967). Handbook of Nature Study. Cornell. Originally published in 1911. Anna Botsford Comstock was unique in that she took school children outside for their nature lessons. This volume is unique in that it asks questions of students that they can only solve after doing their own research on the behavior of animals.

Connor, J. (1988). The Complete Birder - A Guide to Better Birding.

Corral, M. (1989). The World of Birds. The Globe Pequot Press.

Coues, E. (1874). Birds of the Northwest. Government Printing Office

Coues, E. (1883). New England Birdlife. Being a Manual of New England Ornithology (Vols. 1 and 2). Lee and Shepard Publishers.

Cowles, R. B. (1977). Desert Journal - A Naturalist Reflects on Arid California. University of California Press.

Craighead, J.J. and Craighead, F.C. Jr. (1969). Hawks, Owls and Wildlife. Dover Reprint.

Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. and Schreiber, R.W. (1984). Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2.

Cruickshank, A.D. and Cruickshank, H.G. (1958).1001 Questions Answered about Birds. Dover.

Cruickshank, A.D. (1960). A Pocket Guide to Birds. Washington Square Press Book.

Curson, J. , Quinn, D. and Beadle, D. (1994). Warblers of the Americas. Houghton Mifflin.

Cutright, N.J., Harriman, B.R. and Howe, R.W. (2006). Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Wisconsin. Wisconsin Society for Ornithology.


Daily, G.C. (Ed) (1997). Nature's Services - Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press. p. 3 - "Ecosystem services are the conditions and processes through which natural ecosystem, and the species that make them up, sustain and fulfill human life. They maintain biodiversity and the production of ecosystem goods, such as seafood, forage, timber, biomass fuels, natural fiber, and many pharmaceuticals, industrial products, and their precursors."

Dalmas, T. Fink, M. Spears, D. Stinson, C.M., Wells, C. (2006) Birds of Virginia's South-Central Piedmont: An Annotated Checklist for Prince Edward and Surrounding Counties.

Davis, J. and Baldridge, A. (1980). The Bird Year. Boxwood Press

Davis, L.I. (1972). A Field Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Central America. Texas University Press.

Davis, W.A. and Russell, S.M. (1990). Birds in Southeastern Arizona. Tucson Audubon Society.

Dawson, W.L. (1923). The Birds of California in Three volumes. South Moulton Company.

Derrickson, K.C. , Breitwisch, R. (1992). Northern Mockingbird. The Birds of North America - Life Histories for the 21st Century.

Diamond, A.W. and Lovejoy, T.E. (1982). Conservation of Tropical Forest Birds. ISCP Technical Publication No. 4.

Dickerman, R.W. (1997). The Era of Allan R. Phillips: A Festschrift.

Dickey, F. (1958) Familiar Birds of the Pacific Southwest. Stanford University Press.

Dobson, A. (2002). A Birdwatching Guide to Bermuda. Arlequin Press.

Dorst, J. (1962). The Migrations of Birds. Houghton Mifflin.

Doughty, R.W. (1988). The Mockingbird. University of Texas Press.

Downer, Audrey. (1990). Birds of Jamaica. Helm.

Dunmire, W.W. (1961). Birds of the National Parks in Hawaii.

Dunn, J.L. and Garrett, K. (1997). Peterson Field Guides - Warblers. Houghton Mifflin.

Dunn, J.L and Blom, E.A.T. (1987). Field Guide to the Birds of North America. National Geographic Society.

Dunne, P., Sibley, D. and Sutton, C. (1988). Hawks in Flight. Houghton Mifflin.

Dunne, P. (1987). Tales of a Low-Rent Birder. Rutgers University Press.

Dunne, P. (1992). The Feather Quest. Dutton.

Dunning, J. (1986). The Loon - Voice of the Wilderness. Yankee Books.

Eaton, S.W. (1992) Wild Turkey. The Birds of North America - Life Histories for the 21st Century.

Edwards, E.P. (1968). Finding Birds in Mexico. Ernest P. Edwards.

Eggert, J. (1999). Song of the Meadowlark - Exploring Values for a Sustainable Future. Ten Speed Press.

Ennor, H.R. (1991). Birds of the Tri-Cities and Vicinity. Lower Columbia Basin Audubon Society.

Ehrlich, P.R., Dobkin, D.S., and D. Wheye (1988). The Birder's Handbook - A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. Fireside Books.

Ehrlich, P.R., Dobkin, D.S., and Darryl Wheye (1992). Birds in Jeopardy. Stanford University Press.

Evanich, Jr. J.E. (1990). The Birder's Guide to Oregon. Portland Audubon Society.

Evans, P.R., Goss-Custard, J.D. & Hale, W.G. (1984). Coastal waders and wildfowl in winter. Cambridge University Press.

Evens, J.G. (2005). Introduction to California Birdlife. Text by Jules Evens, photography by Ian Tait. University of California Press. I got to know Jules Evens a bit while I lived in California and when I saw that he had written this book I was very excited. When I read the book I was not disapointed. This introduction to birds takes geology, and ecosystem knowledge into account as a way of introducing the birds of this interesting state. I think that it sets new standards on what to expect from a natural history book. I learned so much from it.

Evens, J.G. (1998). The Natural History of the Point Reyes Peninsula. Point Reyes National Seashore Association.


Fawks, E. (1975). Bird Finding in Illinois. Illinois Audubon Society.

Feduccia, A. (1980). The Age of Birds. Harvard University Press.

Feduccia, A. (1989). Birds of Colonial Williamsburg. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.

Fiennes, W. (2002). The Snow Geese. Random House.

Fisher, J. (1984). The Fulmar. Collins.

Fisher, J. (1951). Bird Recognition. Pelican.

Fisher, J. (1954). A History of Birds. Houghton Mifflin.

Fisher, H.I. and Fisher M.L. (1974). Wonders of the World of the Albatross. Dodd, Mead.

Flader, S.L. (1974). Thinking Like a Mountain - Aldo Leopold and the Evolution of an Ecological Attitude toward Deer, Wolves and Forests. University of Wisconsin Press.

Forbush, E.H. (1907). Useful Birds and their Protection. Massachusetts Board of Agriculture.

Forbush, E.H. (1916). A History of the Game Birds, Wild-Fowl and Shore Birds of Massachusetts and Adjacent States. Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture.

Forbush, E.H. (1925). Birds of Massachusetts and Other New England States, Vols. 1-3.

Forbush, E.H. and May, J.R. (1955). A Natural History of American Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Bramhall House.

Forshaw, J. Howell, S., Lindsey, T. & Stallcup, R. (1994). A Nature Company Guide to Birding. Nature Company Guides.

Forsyth, A. & Miyata, K. (1984). Tropical Nature. Scribners.

Fowler, J. and Cohen, L. () Statistics for Ornithologists. British Trust for Ornithology.

Frankel, O.H. & Soule, M.E. (1981). Conservation and Evolution. Cambridge University Press.

Freethy, R. (1987). Auks - An Ornithologist's Guide. Facts on File.

Frohawk, F.W. (1989). Frohawk's Birds of Hawaii. Wellfleet.

Furness, R.W., and Monaghan, P. Seabird Ecology. Chapman & Hall.

Furness, R.W., Greenwood J.J.D. (Eds) (1993). Birds as Monitors of Environmental Change. London: Chapman & Hall. p. 1 - "The need for environmental monitoring has never been greater. Burgeoning human populations, the greater demands they make on resources, and technological developments all result in massive and continuing increase in the impact of people on their environments."


Gabrielson, I. and Jewett, S.G. (1970). Birds of the Pacific Northwest. Dover reprint.

Gaines, D. (1988). Birds of Yosemite and the East Slope. Artemisia Press.

Galati, R. (1991). Golden-crowned Kinglets. Iowa State University Press.

Garland, M.S., (1997). Watching Nature. Smithsonian.

Garrett, K.L., Dunn, J.L., and Morse, B. (2006) Birds of the Los Angeles Region. R.W. Morse Company.

Gentry, A.H. (1990). Four Neotropical Forests. Yale University Press.

Gessner, D. (2001). Return of the Osprey. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill.

Gilliard, E.T. (1958). Living Birds of the World. Doubleday

Gooders, J. and Weidensaul, S. (Eds) (1990) The Practical Ornithologists. Fireside.

Gordon, B.L. (1987) Monterey Bay Area: Natural History and Cultural Imprints. The Boxwood Press.

Gore, Al. (2006). An Inconvenient Truth. New York: Rodale.

Gould, J.L. & Gould, C.G. (1994) The Animal Mind. Scientific American Library.

Gould, S.J. (2002). I have Landed - The End of a Beginning in Natural History. Harmony Books.

Gould, S.J. (1977). Ever Since Darwin. Norton

Gould, S.J. (1980). The Panda's Thumb. Norton

Gould, S.J. (1981). The Mismeasure of Man. Norton.

Gould, S.J. (1977). Ontogeny and Phyogeny. Harvard.

Gould, S.J. (1985)The Flamingo's Smile. Norton

Gottlieb, G. (1971). Development of Species Identification in Birds - An Inquiry into the Prenatal determinants of Perception. University of Chicago Press.

Graham, F. Jr. (1975). Gulls an Ecological History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

Grant, P.J. (1982). Gulls - a guide to identification. T & AD Poyser

Grant, P.R. (1986). Ecology and Evolution of Darwin's Finches. Princeton University Press.

Grant, R.B, and Grant, P.R. (1989). Evolutionary Dynamics of a Natural Population. University of Chicago.

Graustein, J.E. (1967). Thomas Nuttall - Naturalist. Harvard University Press.

Greene, E.R. (1966). A Lifetime with Birds. Edwards Brothers, Inc.

Gretchen, C. Daily (Ed.) (1997). Nature's Services - Societal Dependence on Natural Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Griffin, D.R. (1964). Bird Migration. Doubleday.

Grove, N. (1996). Birds of North America. Beaux Arts Editions.

Grinnell, J. (1915). A Distributional List of the Birds of California. Cooper Ornithological Club.

Grinnell, J. (1924). A Bibliography of California Birds. Cooper Ornithological Club.

Grinnell, J., and Alden, H.M. (1944). The Distribution of the Birds of California. Cooper Ornithological Club.

Grinnell, J., Bryant, H.C., Storer, T.I. (1918). The Game Birds of California. University of California Press.

Grinnell, J., (1943). Joseph Grinell's Philosophy of Nature. University of California Press.

Griscom, Ludlow. (1950). Audubon's Birds of America  

Grossman, M.L. (1964). Birds of Prey of the World. Potter.

Grosvenor, G. and Wetmore, A. (1939). The Book of Birds (In Two Volumes). National Geographic Society.

Grub, T.C. (1986). Beyond Birding - Field Projects for Inquisitive Birders. The Boxwood Press.

Gruson, E.S. (1972). Words for Birds. Quadrangle.

Guggisberg,C.A.W. (1980). Birds of East Africa. Mount Kenya Sundries Ltd.

Gustafson, A. (1981). Burrowing Birds. Lothrop.

Guttman, Burton. (2008). Finding Your Wings. Houghton Mifflin. Includes in its list of references.


Hagan III, John M., Johnson David W. (Eds.) (1992). Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Press: Washington, D.C. p. 7 - This is the second special symposium on migratory birds I have had the pleasure to attend. The first was at Front Royal Virginia 12 years ago (1977) and many of the people who were there are here with us today. I sense that this time we are participating in a different kind of event. The meeting at Front Royal took place in an atmosphere of excitement and discovery. Twelve years ago we knew surprisingly little about the winter habits and whereabouts of many migratory birds …. Now, as many of us gather again to consider the same general topic the mood has changed. The excitement of adventure and discovery has given way to a feeling of grave concern. Our attention is focused on a new set of issues, issues that relate to the conservation of declining and possibly threatened populations. …

Hale, W.G. (1980) Waders. Collins.

Hall, H.M. (1960). A Gathering of Shore Birds. Devin-Adair Company

Halle, L.J. (1957). Spring in Washington. John Hopkins Press.

Halle, L.J. (1938). Birds Against Men. Viking Press

Halle, L.J. (1989). The Appreciation of Birds. Johns Hopkins University Press

Halle, L.J. (1970). The Storm Petrel and the Owl of Athena. Princeton University Press.

Halle, L.J. (1989). The Sea and the Ice. Cornell University Press.

Halpern, D. (1987). On Nature. North Point Press.

Hamerstrom, F. (1986). Harrier - Hawk of the Marshes. Smithsonian Press.

Hamerstrom, F. (1970). An Eagle to the Sky. Nick Lyons Books.

Hamilton, R.B. (1975). Comparative Behavior of the American Avocet and the Black-necked Stilt (Recurvirostridae). Ornithological Monograph No. 17. Published by the American Ornithological Union.

Hand, J. L. , Southern, W. E., & Vermeer, K. (Eds.) (1987). Ecology and Behavior of Gulls. Studies in Avian Biology No. 10. A Publication of the Cooper Ornithological Society.

Harrington, Brian (1996). The Flight of the Red Knot. Norton: New York.

Harris, J.T. (1979). The Peregrine Falcon in Greenland - Observing an Endangered Species. University of Missouri Press.

Harris, M. (1982). A Field Guide to the Birds of Galapagos. Collins.

Harris, T. (1991) Death in the Marsh. Washington D.C.: Island Press.

Harrison, C.S. (1990). Seabirds of Hawaii. Cornell University Press.

Harrison, H.H. (1984). Wood Warbler's World. Simon &Schuster.

Hartshorne, C. (1973). Born to Sing - An Interpretation and World survey of Bird Song. Indiana University Press.

Haupt, L.L. (2001). Rare Encounters with Ordinary Birds. Sasquatch Books.

Hausman, L. A. (1944). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of American Birds. Halcyon House.

Hawaii Audubon Society. (1997). Hawaii's Birds.

Hayman, P. (1984). Discovering the Birds of New Zealand. Collins.

Hayman, P., Marchant, J. and T. Prater. (1986). Shorebirds - An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin.

Heinrich, B. (1989). Ravens in Winter. Summit Books.

Heinrich, B. (2003). Winter World. Harper Collins.

Heintzelman, D.S. (1978). North American Ducks, Geese & Swans. Winchester Press.

Hickey, J. J. (1953). A Guide to Birdwatching. Collins.

Hill, Geoffrey E. (2002). A Red Bird in a Brown Bag. Oxford University Press.

Hill, J. (Ed). (2001). An Exhilaration of Wings - The Literature of Birdwatching. Penquin.

Hochbaum, H. A. (1981). The Canvasback On a Prairie Marsh.

Hoffman, R. (1927). Birds of the Pacific States. Houghton Mifflin. I was given this book in 1959 as I prepared to move with my family to the west. It is a classic and written in a very wonderful style. This is Hoffman's introduction to the Marbled Murrelet whose nest was not discovered until the 1970s. "An especial interest always attaches to a bird which can hide its nest and eggs from man's indefatigable search. the Black Swift gave up its secret in 1901; the Wandering Tattler and the Surf-bird have been run down in the mountains of Alaska; of all the birds occurring commonly on our coast only the Marbled Murrelet still keeps its breeding haunts a mystery. We know that it remains off our coast in summer even as far south as northern California. The rocky islands and steep cliffs where its relatives breed have been searched again and again but in vain. There is strong suspicion that unlike the other Murrelets it breeds inland, perhaps far up the sides of mountains. Some one has a tremendous thrill before him when he first takes a Marbled Murrelet off her eggs."

Hoge, G. and Hoge, W. (1991). Birds of Ocean Shores.

Holloway, J.E. (2003). Dictionary of Birds of the United States. Timber Press.

Holmes, C. E. (1907). Birds of the West. Hammonds and Stephens Company.

Holt, H.R. and Lane J.A. (1987). A Birder's Guide to Colorado. L & P Press

Howard, E. (1964). Territory in Bird Life. Atheneum.

Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 1 - Ostrich to Ducks

Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 2 - New World Vultures to Guineafowl

Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 3 - Hoatzin to Auks

Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 4 - Sandgrouse to Cuckoos

Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 5 - Barn-owls to Hummingbirds

Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World Volume 6 - Mousebirds to Hornbills

Hudson, W.E. (ed).(1991) Landscape Linkages and Biodiversity. Island Press.

Hudson, W.H. (1919). The Book of a Naturalist. George Doran Company.

Hume, E.E. (1942). Ornithologists of the United States Army Medical Corps, Vol. 1. The Johns Hopkins Press.

Hunn, E.S. (1982). Birding in Seattle and King County. Seattle Audubon Society.

Hunt, C. (1974). Natural Regions of the United States and Canada. W.H. Freeman and Co.

Huntington, D. & Zimmerman A. (Eds) (1984). New Mexico Bird Finding Guide. New Mexico Ornithological Society.

Huxley, J. (1968). The Courtship Habits of the Great Crested Grebe. Grossman Publishers.

Inskipp, T. and Inskipp, C. (1985) A Guide to the Birds of Nepal. Tanager Books


Jacobs, F. (1981). Bermuda Petrel. Morrow.

Jaeger, E.C. (1965). The California Deserts. Stanford University Press.

Jaeger, E.C. (1961). Desert Wildlife. Stanford University Press.

Janovy, J. Jr. (1980) Yellowlegs. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Janzen, D.H. (Ed) (1983). Costa Rican Natural History. The University of Chicago Press.

Jaramillo, A. and Burke, P. (1999). New World Blackbirds. Princeton University Press.

Jehl, J.R., Johnson, N. K. (Eds) (1993). A Century of Avifaunal Change in Western North America. Cooper Ornithological Society. p. 342 - The ultimate cause of extinction and jeopardy is a human population where demands on the global ecosystem are greater than the planet can sustain on a long term basis. (Michael Scott)

Jeneid, M. (1993). Chaucer's Checklist. Community Printers of Santa Cruz.

Job, H. (1923). Propagation of Wild Birds. Doubleday, Page and Company. The author is noted as an Economic Ornithologist in Charge of the Department of Applied Ornithology.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1986). Birds of the Rocky Mountains. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1981). The Plovers, Sandpipers, and Snipes of the World. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1991). Crane Music - A Natural History of American Cranes. Smithsonian.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1983). The Grouse of the World. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1968). Waterfowl. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1974). Song of the North Wind. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1981). Those of the Gray Wind. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1978). Ducks, Geese, Swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnsgard, P.A. (1987). Diving Birds of North America. University of Nebraska Press.

Johnson, C. (1922). John Burroughs Talks. Houghton Mifflin.

Johnston, D.W. (Ed) (1999) A Birder's Guide to Virginia. American Birding Association.

Jones, J.O. (1990). Where the Birds Are. Morrow.

Jonsson, Lars. (2006). Birds of Europe with North Africa and the Middle East. Helm.


Kanze, E. (1996). The World of John Burroughs - The Life and Work of One of America's Greatest Naturalists. SierraClub Books.

Kastner, J. (1977) A World of Watchers. Sierra Club Books

Kaufman, K. (2000) Kingbird Highway. Mariner Books.

Kaufman, K. (2000) Lives of North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin.

Kaufman, K. (1990) Peterson Field Guides - Advanced Birding. Houghton Mifflin.

Kaufman, K. (2000) Birds of North America. Houghton Mifflin.

Keast, A. and Morton, E.S. (1980). Migrant Birds in the Neotropics - Ecology, Behavior, Distribution and Conservation. Smithsonian.

Keen, Sam. (1997). Sightings - Extraordinary Encounters with Ordinary Birds. Chronicle Press.

Keller, Charles. (1889). Bird Notes Afield - Essays on the Birds of the Pacific Coast with a Field Check List. Paul Elder and Company.

Keller, C.E., Keller, S.A., & Timothy C. Keller. (1986). A Checklist and Finding Guide Indiana Birds and their Haunts.

Keller, C.E., Keller, S.A., & Timothy C. Keller. (1993). Birds of Indianapolis.

Kerlinger, P. (1989). Flight Strategies of Migrating Hawks. The University of Chicago Press.

Kerlinger, P. (1989). How Birds Migrate. Stackpole Books.

Kilham, L. (1990). The American Crow and the Common Raven. Texas A & M.

Kloor, Keith. (2007, January/February). Drilling/Sagebrush Showdown. Audubon Magazine

Koenig, W.D. and Mumme, R.L. (1987). Cooperatively Breeding Acorn Woodpecker. Princeton University Press.

Kroodsma, D. (2005). The Singing Life of Birds - The Art and Science of Listening to Birdsong. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 42 - "Listen to any bird sing, and one of the first questions that comes to mind is where he got his song. This is the question that compelled me to study birdsong, and it's the question that has fascinated many others, too, especially for songbirds."

Kruckeberg, A.R. (1991). The Natural History of Puget Soound Country. The University of Washington Press.

Kruuk, H. (2003). Niko's Nature. Oxford.

Kutac, E.A. (1989). Birder's Guide to Texas. Lone Star Books.


Lack, D. (1947). Darwin's Finches. Harper Torchbooks.

Lack, D. (1953). The Life of the Robin. Pelican.

Lane J.A. (1984). A Birder's Guide to Florida. L & P Press

Langille, J.H. (1884). Our Birds in Their Haunts. S.C. Cassino & Co.

Lank, D.M. (1998). Audubon's wilderness Palette. Key Porter Books.

Lanyon, W.E. (1963). Biology of Birds. Natural History Press.

Larrison, E.J. and Sonnenberg, K.G. (1968). Washignton Birds - Their Location and Identification.

Leach, B. (1982). Waterfowl on a Pacific Estuary. British Columbia Provincial Museum. Special Publication No. 5

Leahy, C. (1982). The Birdwatcher's Companion. Hill and Wang. An encyclopedic handbook of North American birdlife. A good introduction to ornithology. Provides definitions for such terms as Bergmann's Rule to defining the origins of the name Whimbrel.

Leopold, Aldo. (1972) A Sand County Almanac. Oxford Press.

Leopold, Aldo. (1986) Game Management The University of Wisconsin Press. ""A pair of Wood Thrushes is more valuable to a village than a Saturday evening band concert, and costs less. What does it cost? A piece of woodland with undergrowth. What kind and size of trees? How many acres? What undergrowth? Does it matter what surrounds the woodland? Can it be grazed? Must it contain water? What other species help or hinder its occupancy? Research in applied ornithology is just as capable of answering these questions, not only for wood thrushes but for a 100 other species, as the equivalent question for quail or pheasant." p. 404.

Leopold, A.S. (1972). Wildlife of Mexico - The Game Birds and Mammals. University of California Press.

Leopold, A.S. (1985). Wild California. University of California Press.

Lepp, George (1993). Beyond the Basics. Innovative Techniques for Outdoor Nature Photography. Lepp and Associates.

Levick, D.M. (1914). Antarctic Penquins. Heinemann.

Lindsay, T. Lindsay, P. (1997). Birds of Shenandoah National Park. Shenandoah Natural History Association.

Linduska, J.P. (1964). Waterfowl Tomorrow. The United States Department of the Interior.

Lingle, G.R. (1994). Birding Crane River: Nebraska's Platte. Harrier Publishing.

Liotta, P. H. (1989). Learning to Fly. Algonqin Books of Chapel Hill.

Lockley, R.M. (1947). Shearwaters. Devin-Adair.

Lorbiecki, M. (1996). Aldo Leopold - A Fierce Green Fire. Falcon Press

Lorenz, K. (1978). The Year of the Graylag Goose. Harcourt Brace, Jovanovich.

Lorenz, K. (1952). King Solomon's Ring. Apollo Editions.

Lovric, M. (1992). Birds - An Illustrated Treasury. Courage Books.

Lowe, C.H. (1964). Arizona's Natural Environment. University of Arizona Press.


Mac, M.J., Opler, P.A., Haecker, C.E.P. (1998) Status and Trends of the Nation's Biological Resources, Vols. 1 and 2; US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey. p. 22 - "Hurricanes are a major factor affecting coastal ecosystems along the northern Gulf of Mexico. Not only are they responsible for habitat loss, but their frequent landfalls also create a mosaic of different disturbed areas resulting in a heterogeneous landscape. The plant communities that develop in the different patches are dynamic and respond to changing environmental conditions resulting from disturbance. Louisiana's coastal ecosystems are increasingly at risk from human activities. Most climate models predict a period of increased hurricane activity and a tendency toward stronger storms as we approach the new century. Continued research and monitoring are needed to determine the extent to which these ecosystems will become more vulnerable to disturbance from hurricanes."

MacArthur, R.H., Wilson, E.O. (1967). The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press.

MacArthur, R.H., (1972). Geographical Ecology. Princeton University Press. From the Introduction: "To do science is to search for repeated patterns, not simply to accumulate facts, and to do the science of geographical ecology is to search for patterns of plant and animal life that can be put on a map. The person best equipped to do this is the naturalist who loves to note changes in bird life up a mountainside, or changes in plant life from mainland to island, or changes in butterflies from temperate to tropics. But not all naturalists want to do science; many take refuge in nature's complexity as a justification to oppose any search for patterns. This book is addressed to those who do wish to do science. Doing science is not such a barrier to feeling or such a dehumanizing influence as is often made out. It does not take the beauty from nature. The only rules of scientific method are honest observations and accurate logic. To be great science it must also be guided by judgment, almost an instinct, for what is worth studying. No one should feel that honesty and accuracy guided by imagination have any power to take away nature's beauty."

MacRae, D. (1995). Birder's Guide to Washington. Gulf Publishing Company.

MacRoberts, M.H. and MacRoberts, B.R. (1976). Social Organization and Behvavior of the Acorn Woodpecker in Central Coastal California. American Ornithologists' Union.

Mannering, E. (1955). Mr. Gould's Tropical Birds. Crown Publishers.

Margulis, L. & Schwartz, K. (1982). Five Kingdoms. W.H. Freeman and Co.

Maslow, J.E., (1986). Bird of Life, Bird of Death. Laurel Trade Paperback.

Maslow, J.E., (1983). The Owl Papers. E.P. Dutton.

Maslow, J.E., (1988) The Bird Biographies of W.H. Hudson. Capra Press.

Massey, B.W. (1998). Guide to the Birds of the Anza Borrego Desert. Anza Borrego Desert Natural History Association.

Matthysen, Erik. (1998). The Nuthatches. T & AD Poyser.

Matthiessen, Peter. (1959). Wildlife in America Viking Press

Matthiessen, Peter (1967) The Shorebirds of North America. “The combination of abilities and experience doubtless differs from species to species. Certain sedentary birds have no homing ability whatsoever, while certain seabirds perform feats of navigation which confound the theorists, especially those who have left no place for metaphysics. None of the theories or combinations of theories presently considered reasonable, provides an explanation of how a shearwater released in Venice, on a sea that none of its species ever visit, could and did return on an unfamiliar east-west bearing, across the European land mass in all likelihood, to its nesting ledge on a sherry in the Irish Sea, not in the season following but in twelve and a half days."

Matthiessen, Peter (1973). The Wind Birds. Viking.

Matthiessen, Peter (2001). The Birds of Heaven. North Point Press

Matthiessen, Peter (1972). The Tree Where Man Was Born. Crescent.

Mayr, E. (1945). Birds of the Southwest Pacific. The MacMillan Company.

Mayr, E. (1970 ) Population, Species, and Evolution. Harvard Press

Mayr, E. ( 1982) The Growth of Biological Thought. Harvard Press

Mayr, E. ( 1991) One Long Argument. Harvard Press

Mayr, E. (1976) Evolution and the Diversity of Life. Harvard Press

Mayr, E. (1988) Toward a New Philosophy of Life, Harvard Press

McCabe, R.A. (1991). The Little Green Bird - Ecology of the Willow Flycatcher. Palmer Publications.

McCaskie, G. (1979). Birds of Northern California. Golden Gate Audubon Society.

McDade, L.A., Kamaljit, S.B. Hespenheide, H.A., Hartshorn, G.S. (1994). La Selva - Ecology and Natural History of a Neotropical Rain Forest.

McEnearney, T. (1993). The Birder's Guide to Montana. Falcon Press.

McFarlane, R.W. (1992). A Stillness in the Pines; The Ecology of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker. Norton.

Merriam, Florence. (1898). Birds of Village and Field. Houghton Mifflin.

Miller, A.H. and Stebbins, R.C. (1964). The Lives of Desert Animals in Joshua Tree National Monument. University of California Press.

Mock, D. W. (Ed) (1991). Behavior and Evolution of Birds. W.H. Freeman.

Monroe, B.L. and Sibley, C.G. (1993) A World Checklist of Birds. Yale University Press.

Monson, G. and Phillips, A.R. (1981). Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Arizona. University of Arizona Press.

Morse, B., Aversa, T., Opperman, H. Birds of the Puget Sound Region. R.W. Morse Company

Morse, D.H. (1989) American Warblers - An Ecological and Behavioral Perspective. Harvard Press.

Mowet, Farley (1983). Never Cry Wolf. Bantam Paperback.

Munro, G.C. (1960). Birds of Hawaii. Bridgeway.

Murphy, R. (1963) The Peregrine Falcon. Camelot Books.


Nathan, L. (1996). Diary of a Left-handed Birdwatcher. Graywolf Press.

Nehls, H., Aversa, T., Opperman, H. Birds of the Willamette Valley Region. R.W. Morse Company

Nero, R.W. (1984). Redwings. Smithsonian Press

Nero, R.W. (1980). The Great Gray Owl. Smithsonian Press

Newton, I. (1979). Population Ecology of Raptors. Buteo Books.

Newton, I. (1998). Population Limitation in Birds. Academic Press.

Newton, Julianne L. (2008). Aldo Leopold's Odyssey. Island Press.

New Zealand Wildlife Service. Species Recovery Plan Draft for the Yellow-eyed Penquin.

Nice, M. (1964) Studies in the Life History of the Song Sparrow (Vol. 1 & 2). Dover Reprint.


O'Brien, M. , Crossley, R. and Karlson, K. (2006). The Shorebird Guide. Houghton Mifflin.

Odum, E. P. Fundamentals of Ecology (Second Edition). Philadelphia. W. B. Saunders Company, 1959

Olendorff, R.R., (1981). Suggested Practices for Raptor Protection on Power Lines - The State of the Art in 1981. Raptor Research Report No. 4.

Orians, G.H. (1985). Blackbirds of the Americas. University of Washington Press.

Orians, G.H. (1980). Marsh-nesting Blackbirds. Princeton University Press.

Ossa, H. (1973). They Saved Our Birds. Hippocrene Books.

Owen, D.F. (1966). Animal Ecology in Troical Africa. W.H. Freeman and Co.


Pacquier, R.E. (1977). Watching Birds - An Introduction to Ornithology. Houghton Mifflin.

Palmer, R.S. (1978). Handbook of North American Birds Volume 1 - Loons through Flamingos. Yale University Press.

Palmer, R.S. (1978). Handbook of North American Birds Volume 2 - Waterfowl Part 1. Yale University Press.

Paulson, D. (1993). Shorebirds of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press.

Paulson, D. (1993). Shorebirds of North America. Princeton University Press.

Paulson, D. (1995). Black-bellied Plover. The Birds of North America - Life Histories for the 21st Century.

Peterson, R.T. (1949). How to Know the Birds. New American Library.

Peterson, R.T. (1990) Peterson Field Guides Western Birds. Houghton Mifflin.

Peterson, R.T. (1973) Peterson Field Guides Mexican Birds. Houghton Mifflin.

Peterson, R.T. (1980) Peterson Field Guides Eastern Birds. Houghton Mifflin.

Peterson, R.T., Fisher, J. (1955). Wild America. Houghton Mifflin Company

Peterson, R.T., Mountfort, G., Hollom, P. and Geroudet, P. (1971). Guide des oiseaux d'Europe.

Peterson, R.T. , Mountfort, G., Hollom, P.A.D. (1974). A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. Houghton Mifflin.

Peterson, R.T. (1963) A Field Guide to the Birds of Texas. Houghton Mifflin.

Pettingill, O.S. (1953). A Guide to Bird Finding. Oxford University Press.

Pettingill, O.S. (1967). A Laboratory and Field Manual of Ornithology. Oxford University Press.

Pettingill, O.S. (Ed) (1965). The Bird Watcher's America. McGraw Hill.

Pierson, E.C. , Pierson, J.E. and Vickery, P.D. (1996). A Birder's Guide to Maine. Downeast Books.

Pickford, P. and Pickford, B. (1990) African Birds of Prey. Cornell University Press.

Pilchuck Audubon Society, (1997). Birding in Snohomish County.

Pitelka, F. (Ed) (1979). Shorebirds in Marine Environments. Cooper Ornithological Society.

Porter, E. (1972) Birds of North America - A Personal Selection. Dutton.

Porter, E. (1978) Antarctica. E.P. Dutton.

Porter, E. (1988) Moments of Discovery - Adventures with American Birds. Arch Cape Press.

Pough, R.H. (1957) Audubon Western Bird Guide. Doubleday & Company.

Pough, R.H. (1949) Audubon Land Bird Guide. Doubleday & Company.

Pratt, H.D. , Bruner, P.L. and Berrett, D.G. (1987). The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press.

Price, J. Droege, S. & Price, A. (1995). The Summer Atlas of North American Birds. Academic Press.

Proctor, N.S. and Lynch, P.J. (1993). Manual of Ornithology. Yale University Press.

Pulich, W.M. (1976). The Golden-cheeked Warbler. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.

Pyle, P., Howell, S.N.G., Yunick, R.P., DeSante, D.F. 1987). Identification Guide to North American Passerines. Slate Creek Press.


Rappole, J.H. (2002). Birds of the Mid-Atlantic Region and where to find them. Johns Hopkins Press.

Rappole, J.H. and Blacklock, G.W. (1985). Birds of the Texas Coastal Bend - Abundance and Distribution. Texas A&M Press.

Reed, C.A. (1965). North American Bird Eggs. Dover.

Reilly, E.M. (1979). The Warblers of America. Doubleday.

Richardson, S. (1997). East Bay Bird Guide. Black Hills Audubon Society.

Richmond, J. (1985). Birding in Northern California. Mt. Diablo Audubon Society.

Ricklefs, R.E. (1979). Ecology. Chiron Press.

Ritter, W.E. (1938). The California Woodpecker and I - A Study in Comparative Zoology. University of California Press.

Robbins, C.S. (1996). Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. University of Pittsburg Press.

Robbins, C.S. (1983). A Guide to Field Identification Birds of North America. Golden Press.

Roberson, D. (1985). Monterey Birds.

Roberson, D. (1978). Birder's California. ABA.

Roberson, D. & Tenney, C. (Eds) (1993). Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Monterey County California. Monterey Peninsula Audubon Society.

Robertson, R.J., Stutchbury, B.J., Cohen, R.R. (1992) Tree Swallow. The Birds of North America - Life Histories for the 21st Century.

Robinson, J.W., (1987). A Birder's Guide to Japan. Ibis.

Romm, J.(2007). Hell and High Water. New York: William Morrow

Root, T. (1988). Atlas of Wintering North American Birds - An Analysis of Christmas Count Data. University of Chicago Press.

Rottenborn, S.C., Brinkley, E.S. (2007). Virginia's Birdlife - An Annotated Checklist. Virginia Society of Ornithology.

Ruth, M. M. (2005). Rare Bird - Pursuing the Mystery of the Marbled Murrelet. Rodale.


Sanderson, G.C. (1980). Management of Migratory Shore and Upland Game Birds in North America. University of Nebraska Press.

Sanger, M. B. (1967). World of the Great White Heron. Devin-Adair.

Santa Clara Audubon Society. (1983). Birding at the Bottom of the Bay.

Santner, S.J., Brauning, D.W., Schwalbe, G. & Schwalbe, P.W. (1992) Annotated List of the Birds of Pennsylvania.

Santella, C. (2007) Fifty Places to Go Birding Before You Die. Stewart, Tabori & Chang.

Sauer, C.O. (1969). Land and Life - A Selection from the Writings of Carl Ortwin Sauer.

Savage, C. (2005). Crows. Graystone Books.

Sax, B. (2003). Crow. Reaktion Books.

Schauensee de, R.M. and Phelps, Jr. W.H. (1978). A Guide to the Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press.

Schreiber, R.W. (1977). Maintenance Behavior and Communication in the Brown Pelican. Ornithological Monographs No. 22. Published by the American Ornithological Union.

Schueler, D.G. (1980). Incident At Eagle Ranch. Sierra Club Books.

Scientific American Editors. (1970). The Biosphere. W. H. Freeman.

Scientific American Editors. (1974). Animal Engineering. W. H.Freeman.

Scott, J.P. (1963). Animal Behavior. Doubleday Anchor Book.

Scott, O.K. (1993). A Birder's Guide to Wyoming. American Birding Association.

Sequoia Audubon Society. (1984). San Francisco Peninsula Birdwatching.

Seton, E.T. (1898). Wild Animals I have Known. Scribners.

Short, L.L. (1993). The Lives of Birds. Henry Holt.

Shuford, David W. (1993). Marin County Breeding Bird Atlas. Bushtit Books.

Sibley, D.A. (2001). The Sibley Guide to Bird Life & Behavior

Sibley, D.A. (2000). The Sibley Guide to Birds. Alfred A. Knopf Publishers.

Sibley, D.A. (1993). The Birds of Cape May. New Jersey Audubon.

Sibley, D.A. (2002). Sibley's Birding Basics. Alfred A. Knopf Publishers.

Sibley, D.A. (2003). The Sibley Guide to Birds of Eastern North America. Alfred A. Knopf Publishers.

Simms, E. (1985). British Warblers. Collins.

Sipple, W.S. (1991). Through the Eyes of Young Naturalist. Gateway.

Skutch, A.F. (1977). A Birdwatcher's Adventures in Tropical America. University of Texas Press

Skutch, A.F. (1992). Origins of Nature's Beauty. University of Texas Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1996). Orioles, Blackbirds, and Their Kin. The University of Arizona Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1996). Antbirds and Ovenbirds. University of Texas Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1983). Birds of Tropical America. University of Texas Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1979). The Imperative Call - A naturalist's quest in temperate and tropical america. University of Florida Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1989). Birds Asleep. University of Texas Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1983). Nature through Tropical Windows. University of California Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1980). A Naturalist on a Tropical Farm. University of California Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1985). Life Ascending. University of Texas Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1989). Life of the Tanager. Cornell University Press.

Skutch, A.F. (1985). Life of the Woodpecker. Ibis.

Skutch, A.F. (1976). Parent Birds and their Young. University of Texas Press. "Parent Birds and their Young is the most complete up-to-date world wide survey of the family life and reproductive behavior of birds, from the formation of pairs to the young birds' attainment of independence. Written in language that the general reader can understand, it avoids technicalities, yet the thoroughness of its coverage, supported by a bibliography of over eight hundred titles, makes it valuable as a reference work for the ornithologist. More than one hundred illustrations accompany the text."

Skutch, A.F. (1973). The Life of the Hummingbird. Vineyard Books.

Sodhi, N.S., Olliphant, L.W., James, P.C., Warkentin, I.G. Merlin. (1993) The Birds of North America - Life Histories for the 21st Century.

Stallcup, R. (1985). Birds for Real.

Stallcup, R. (1990). Ocean Birds of the Nearshore Pacific. Point Reyes Bird Observatory.

Slater, P., Slater, P, and Raoul Slater. (1986). The Slater Field Guide to Australian Birds - Revised Edition. Weldon.

Slater, P. (1974). A Field Guide to Australian Birds -Vols. 1 and 2. Rigby.

Stap, Don. (1990). A Parrot Without a Name. University of Texas Press.

Stefferud, A. (Ed). (1966). Birds in Our Lives. Government Printing Office.

Small, A. (1994). California Birds - Their Status and Distribution. Ibis.

Smil, V. Cycles of Life - Civilization and the Biosphere. Scientific American Library.

Smith, M.R. (1997). Breeding Birds of Washington State. Seattle Audubon Society.

Smith, S.M. (1991). The Black-capped Chickadee - Behavioral Ecology and Natural History. Cornell University.

Snow, D.W. (1976). The Web of Adaptation. Bird Studies in the American Tropics. Quadrangle. An early classic in the study of avian ecology.

Souder, W. (2004). Under a Wild Sky- John James Audubon and the Making of the Birds of America. North Point Press.

Stanley, S.M. (1987). Extinction. Scientific American Library.

Stap, Don. (2005). BirdSong. Scribner.

Stein, B.R. (2001). On Her Own Terms. University of California Press. "At a time when women could not vote and very few were involved in the world outside the home, Annie Montague Alexander (1867-1950) was an intrepid explorer, amateur naturalist, skilled markswoman, philanthropist, farmer, and founder and patron of two natural history museums at the University of California, Berkeley.

Steinhart, P. (1994). Two Eagles. University of California Press.

Steinhart, P. (1987). Tracks in the Sky. University of California Press. "Herman and University of Washington biologist Dave Paulson had begun to look at the area because they knew that it supported endangered peregrine falcons and that filling the basin would threaten them. Herman happened to come to Bowerman Basin looking for peregrines on the right day in April and stumbled onto the thousands of shorebirds. He discounts his role as a discoverer. 'There were a lot of local people who knew it was around,' he says. 'We started counting the shorebirds here in 1981. It was known locally back in the 1920s and 1930s. I talked to an old guy who was upset about us paying so much attention to so few birds. He said when he was a small boy, there were really lots of 'em.'"

Stiles, F.G. and Skutch, A.F., (1989) A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press.

Storer, T.I. and Usinger, R.L. (1971). Sierra Nevada Natural HIstory. University of California Press.

Strange, M. (2000) A Photographer's Guide to the Birds of the Philippines. Periplus.

Strom, D. (ed). (1986) Birdwatching with American Women. Norton.

Stroud, P.T. (2000). The Emperor of Nature - Charles-Lucien Bonaparte and his World.

Sturkie, P.D. (1965). Avian Physiology. Cornell University Press.

Sutton, G.M. (1972) At a Bend in a Mexican River. Paul S. Erikson, Inc.


Tauber,A.I. (Ed) (1997) The Elusive Synthesis: Aesthetics and Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Teale, E.W. (1959). Adventures in Nature. Dodd, Mead.

Tennekes, H. (1998). The Simple Science of Flight. MIT Press.

Terborgh, J. (1992) Diversity and the Tropical Rain Forest. Scientific American Library.

Terres, J.K. (1968). How Birds Fly. Stackpole Books.

Terres, J.K. (1982) The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds.

Tets, Van G.F. (1965). A Comparative Study of Some Social Communication Patterns in the Pelecaniformes. The American Ornithologists' Union.

Thomson, Landsborough, Sir (ed). (1964). A New Dictionary of Birds. Copyright The British Ornithologists' Union. Nelson. A dictionary published in 1964 with essays by people such as Dean Amadon, Jacques Berlioz, James Bond, Jean Dorst, James Fisher, Frances Hamerstrom, Sir Julian Huxley, David Lack, Robert MacArthur, Ernst Mayr, Sidney Dillon Ripley, Alexander Skutch, David Snow, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Alexander Wetmore and many other distinguished writers.

Thomson, K.S. (1993). The Common But Less Frequent Loon and Other Essays. Yale University Press. "A wonderful exploration of some of the most interesting nooks and crannies of evolutionary science." - Paul Ehrlich.

Thomson, T. (1994). Birding in Ohio. Indiana University Press.

Thompson, B. (1997). Bird Watching for Dummies. IDG Books.

Thoreau, D. (1993). Thoreau on Birds. Beacon Press.

Tinbergen, N. (1953). Social Behaviour in Animals. The Scientific Book Club.

Tinbergen, N. (1968). Curious Naturalist. Doubleday.

Tinbergen, N. (1960). The Herring Gull's World. Harper Torchbooks.

Tinbergen, N. (1972). The Animal in Its World. Harvard Paperbook.

Tinbergen, N. (1947). Kleew - The Story of a Gull. Lyons & Burford.

Tyler, H.A. (1979). Pueblo Birds & Myths. Northland.

Trollinger, J.B. (2001). The Virginia Breeding Bird Atlas Project. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Tyrrell, E.Q. (1985) Hummingbirds - Their Life and Behavior. Crown.

Udvardy, M.D.F. (1977) The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds - Western Region. Alfred A. Knopf.

Vander Wall, S.B. (1990). Food Hoarding in Animals. The University of Chicago Press.

Vaughan, R. (1994). Birder's Guide to Alabama & Mississippi. Gulf Publishing Company.

Verner, J., Morrison, M.L. and Ralph, C.J. (2000). Wildlife 2000 - Modeling Habitat Relationships of Terrestrial Vertebrates. University of Wisconsin.

Vernon, A. (1991). The HoHo - New Zealand's Yellow-eyed Penquin. Putnum & Sons.


Wade, N. (Ed) (2001). The New York Times Book of Birds. The Lyons Press.

Wahl, T.R. (1995). Birds of Whatcom County. Print Shop.

Waldon, B. (1994). Feeding Winter Birds in the Pacific Northwest. Mountaineers.

Waldrop, Mitchell T. (1992). Complexity - The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos. New York: Simon and Schuster

Walker, Jeff. (2006). John Burroughs's Signs and Seasons. Syracuse University Press.

Walker, Zoe (Ed) (2000). Sharp Eyes - John Burroughs and American Nature Writing. Syracuse University Press.

Walters, M. (2003). A Concise History of ornithology. Yale University Press.

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Waterman, T.H. (1989) Animal Navigation. Scientific American Library.

Wauer, R.H. (1985). Field Guide to Birds of the Big Bend. Texas Monthly Press.

Weidensaul, Scott (1999) Living on the Wind - Across the Hemisphere with Migratory Birds. North Point Press New York. p. xi - "There are serious signs of fraying. Birders have warned for years that songbird numbers were dropping, and now scientists have hard evidence that some beloved species, like wood thrushes and cerulean warblers, have declined by more than 75 percent in the past quarter century. Entire communities of birds, like those that nest in open grassland, are in freefall. In the past, the dangers to birds were mostly direct persecution, and the remedy was legal. The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, passed in 1918 and amended several times since, is the cornerstone of federal protection, levying harsh fines and jail time for killing all but a relatively few game birds. The law grew out of a time when songbirds and shorebirds were still routinely shot for the dinner table and terns and egrets were slaughtered so their feathers could decorate hats."

Weiner, J. (1994). The Beak of the Finch - A Story of Evolution in our Time. Alfred Knopf.

Welker, Robert Henry. Birds & Men - American Birds in Science, Art, Literature, and Conservation 1800 - 1900. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; 1955

Weller, M.W. (1988). Waterfowl in Winter. University of Minnesota Press.

Welty, J.C. (1975). The Life of Birds. W.B. Saunders Company.

White, T.H. 1979). The Goshawk. Lyons and Burford.

Wilbur, S.R. (1987) Birds of Baja California. University of California Press.

Wilds, C. (1992). Finding Birds in the National Capital Area - Second Edition. Smithsonian.

Wiley, J.W., and Snyder, N.F.R. (1976). Sexual Size Dimorphism in Hawks and Owls of North America. American Ornithologists' Union.

Williams, G.R. (1966). Birds of New Zealand. Wellington.

Winkler, H. , Christie D.A., Nurney, D. (1995). Woodpeckers - An Identification guide to the Woodpeckers of the World.

Wilson, A. and Bonaparte L. (No date given). American Ornithology. In One Volume. Porter and Coates. Lucien Bonaparte put together this edition of Wilson's classic work. The Bonaparte's Gull was named after Lucien Bonaparte and he was the cousin of the other Bonaparte, Napoleon Bonaparte.

Wilson, B.W. (Ed). (1980). Birds. W. H. Freeman.

Wilson, E.O. (1992). The Diversity of Life. Belknap Press of Harvard University.

Wilson, E.O. (1988). Biodiversity. National Academy Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1997). Biodiversity II. Joseph Henry Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1996). In Search of Nature. Island Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1984). Biophilia. Harvard University Press.

Wilson, J. (2003). Common Birds of Coastal Georgia.


Yaffee, S. L. (1994). The Wisdom of the Spotted Owl-Policy Lessons for a New Century. p. xvi - "The spotted owl had first winged its way into public view more than fifteen years earlier. The 1970s were a time of increasing public interest in nongame wildlife values, and researchers at Oregon State University began to press for a change in public forest management practices to promote owl habitat."

Yosef, R. and Lohrer, F.E. (1995). Shrikes (Laniidae) of the World: Biology and Conservation. Proceedings of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology.

 Zeranski, J.D., Baptist, T.R. (1990). Connecticut Birds. University Press of New England.




The Condor

Western Birds

Journal of Field Ornithology

The Wilson Bulletin

The Auk


Conservation Biology

American Birds


Birder's World

North American Birds


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